Pangea in the bible?

The Pangea (link) is the idea that all of the land masses were one, and there was no separation of the continents at one time. Over a period of time the continents did separate to what we see today. The only problem with this idea is what would allow the land masses to move so far away from one another, and does this mean they will collide again in the future killing almost all life?

In every illustration you see on how Pangea works, our planet stays the same in size meaning there was another force doing this. Science claims that it was subduction that caused this. What if the Bible actually gives us a mechanism that makes Pangea work? Neil Adams (link) actually had the right idea while trying to explain this but was trying to make it fit the old earth (4.5 billion years old) time-line. Here is an example of his idea in this animation he created. He also narrates it.

Video

As you watch this, the mechanism that makes it work is the shrinking and expanding of our planet. You will notice this, as you watch the video, by looking at the stars nearest to earth. As the planet shrinks, and the land masses come together, more stars appear. As the planet expands, and the land masses separate, some of the stars disappear. So what would cause the planet to be smaller in the beginning, then larger in the end? Water. Even in the old earth explanation, water did not always exist on earth. Now not only do we have oceans of water, we have water underneath the crust as well.

Is there enough water under the earth’s crust to cause such a huge expansion of the continents? We have all been taught that the only water that exist under the crust is little compared to the oceans above. But what is not being told is a discovery of enough water that would equal 30 of our oceans.

Suddenly, there was somewhere to put water deep inside the mantle. “You can have oceans and oceans of water stored in the transition zone,” says Jay Bass of the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign. “It’s sopping wet stuff.” Researchers think wadsleyite can hold as much as 33 per cent water by weight. It may not sound like much, but there could be an awful lot of wadsleyite.

According to Smyth, models of the mantle’s composition suggest that at the depths where wadsleyite is stable, between half and three-quarters of the material is the right stuff for making this mineral. “If the region between 400 and 525 kilometers were, say, 60 per cent wadsleyite, and that phase was saturated at 33 weight per cent, that’s ten oceans of water,” says Smyth. But Dan Frost, an experimental petrologist at the Carnegie Institution of Washington’s Geophysical Laboratory in Washington DC, thinks the mantle could contain even more water.

Frost says that solidified lava that has erupted at mid-ocean ridges contains glass that can be analyzed for water content. His research team has calculated how much water the lava’s parent material in the mantle must have contained. “It ends up being between 100 and 500 parts per million,” he says. And if the whole mantle contained 500 parts per million of water, Frost calculates that would be the equivalent of 30 oceans of water.

Reference:Ldolphin-deepwaters

Scientists scanning the deep interior of Earth have found evidence of a vast water reservoir beneath eastern Asia that is at least the volume of the Arctic Ocean.
The discovery marks the first time such a large body of water has found in the planets deep mantle.

Reference: Live Science

A seismologist at Washington University in St. Louis has made the first 3-D model of seismic wave damping diminishing deep in the Earth’s mantle and has revealed the existence of an underground water reservoir at least the volume of the Arctic Ocean. It is the first evidence for water existing in the Earth’s deep mantle.

Reference: Physorg

A seismologist has made the first 3-D model of seismic wave damping, or diminishing, deep in the Earth’s mantle and has revealed the existence of an underground water reservoir at least the volume of the Arctic Ocean.

Reference: Washington University in St Louis

Showing that there is enough water under the crust, and knowing that the earth did not always have water, means subduction did not do this. To fit 30 oceans of water under the crust = the planet earth “has to expand” to receive it. Unless someone wants to ignore the laws of physics.

To sum it up so far:
1) We have the idea of Pangea and how the earth’s landmasses separated. Which includes subduction. But no evidence that subduction did this only the idea that it did. And why do they only teach it as the only possibility? Because it supports the “current accepted theory”. Water doing this supports the worldwide flood, the Bible, and creation, that does not conform to evolution and all of it’s supporting ideas.
2) We have the idea of water making the landmasses expand. And their is “evidence” that enough water to do this actually exists (30 oceans worth) under the earth’s crust. And that it’s “already there” proves that it did expand because of the water not because of subduction.

So now we get to the Bible supporting all this:First expansion: In Genesis 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters… It is showing that water covered the whole earth. How do we know that it covered the whole earth? Because of what Genesis 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so… You see something does not have to “appear” if it’s already there. So the earth was totally covered with water that had to recede in the crust of the earth in order for land to appear. So what happens when water goes under the crust of the earth? The crust expands which would make the first expansion created what is known as the SuperContinent (link).Second expansion: In Genesis 7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened…. Was where the flood was started. Now why would the bible say: “And the windows of heaven were opened” if all it was doing was raining? Young Earth Creationists believe that during creation, a outer firmament (semi solid shell existed just beyond the ozone layer) was created as well. Because this semi solid shell was mainly made of “metallic hydrogen” (link) which exists naturally inside the planet Jupiter. When it fell (opened by a meteor strike like pic below), it combined with the free oxygen that existed and made more rain.

And because the evidence cannot be disputed, I would deem all this a working model. How?
1) We have the working mechanism to cause this which is water.
2) We have the water where it should be to cause this which is under the earth’s crust.
3) And we have enough water down there to expand the landmasses just as they are observed today.
4) We have the only 2 part expansion mechanism (creation and flood) that expands the land masses twice. First making the super-continent, and then making what we see today.
5) having the earth expand because of the intake of water beneath the crust shows just how the continents expanded. And when reversed, they fit together just like a puzzle.

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Check out this size comparison of Falcon Heavy, SpaceX Starship, and Noahs Ark!  

Learn more about the size of the Ark at: https://arkencounter.com/noahs-ark/size/

Check out this size comparison of Falcon Heavy, SpaceX Starship, and Noah's Ark!

Learn more about the size of the Ark at: arkencounter.com/noahs-ark/size/
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Say hello to the newest resident of the Ararat Ridge Zoo: Gomer the dromedary camel! 🐪

Gomer has transferred to the Ark Encounter from the Creation Museum, where he’s resided since 2008. He is retired from rides, so he will live here with our three llamas and two alpacas to create an exhibit displaying the amazing variation within the camelid biblical kind. Be sure to stop by and see Gomer during your next visit!

Say hello to the newest resident of the Ararat Ridge Zoo: Gomer the dromedary camel! 🐪

Gomer has transferred to the Ark Encounter from the Creation Museum, where he’s resided since 2008. He is retired from rides, so he will live here with our three llamas and two alpacas to create an exhibit displaying the amazing variation within the camelid biblical kind. Be sure to stop by and see Gomer during your next visit!
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Good news! 🎉 The Ararat Ridge Zoo’s petting area is now open from 10:00 - 5:00 every day! 

Our 25 goats like Abednego here can’t wait for guest interaction again. We have sinks and hand sanitizing stations as well as a bathroom facility in the zoo for guests to wash their hands before and after interacting with the goats.

Be sure to swing by the petting area during your visit to the Ark Encounter!

Good news! 🎉 The Ararat Ridge Zoo’s petting area is now open from 10:00 - 5:00 every day!

Our 25 goats like Abednego here can’t wait for guest interaction again. We have sinks and hand sanitizing stations as well as a bathroom facility in the zoo for guests to wash their hands before and after interacting with the goats.

Be sure to swing by the petting area during your visit to the Ark Encounter!
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Origins and Independence

How old is the USA? This is not meant as a trick question. While we could make a case for several different dates of the United States’ founding, Americans celebrate the Fourth of July as the nation’s birthday.

Given the date of 4 July 1776 as the declaration of the nation’s independence, it’s easy to calculate the age of the United States of America.

Imagine that we didn’t know the date and instead had to rely on natural processes such as population growth or technological level to estimate the country’s age. How reliable would these natural calendars be? They would only be as reliable as the assumptions put into their model’s framework. 

While a natural process might be useful in some situations (given correct assumptions), the only way to know the precise age is by a reliable witness. We base age on the testimony of a reliable witness, whether it’s a birth certificate for a person or the Declaration of Independence for the United States of America.

How old is planet earth? Some believe that natural processes can provide an estimate for the age of the earth. The only way to know with certainty is by the testimony of a reliable witness. The plain words of God in the Bible show that the earth is less than 10,000 years old. There is much scientific evidence to collaborate this age also.

We can celebrate the fact that we have reliable witnesses to the founding of nations and to the founding of the planet itself.

GHL

Learn more about creation www.creationresearch.org

Origins and Independence

How old is the USA? This is not meant as a trick question. While we could make a case for several different dates of the United States’ founding, Americans celebrate the Fourth of July as the nation’s birthday.

Given the date of 4 July 1776 as the declaration of the nation’s independence, it’s easy to calculate the age of the United States of America.

Imagine that we didn’t know the date and instead had to rely on natural processes such as population growth or technological level to estimate the country’s age. How reliable would these natural calendars be? They would only be as reliable as the assumptions put into their model’s framework.

While a natural process might be useful in some situations (given correct assumptions), the only way to know the precise age is by a reliable witness. We base age on the testimony of a reliable witness, whether it’s a birth certificate for a person or the Declaration of Independence for the United States of America.

How old is planet earth? Some believe that natural processes can provide an estimate for the age of the earth. The only way to know with certainty is by the testimony of a reliable witness. The plain words of God in the Bible show that the earth is less than 10,000 years old. There is much scientific evidence to collaborate this age also.

We can celebrate the fact that we have reliable witnesses to the founding of nations and to the founding of the planet itself.

GHL

Learn more about creation www.creationresearch.org
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May we have faith like Noah to do what God has called us to do.

May we have faith like Noah to do what God has called us to do. ... See MoreSee Less

Current CRS-sponsored Research Projects, Part 7

Dr Gene Chaffin, vice-president of the Creation Research Society listed several of the current research projects that have been awarded grants from the Creation Research Society. He states, “Each grant is awarded based on review and vote by the members of the research committee. We are grateful to the donors who have made these grants possible.” 

Numerical Model Development of Earth’s Mantle Dynamics during the Genesis Flood: Multiphase Mantle Compositions and the Effects on Solid Mantle’s Dynamics 

Computer simulations of Catastrophic Plate Tectonics (CPT) will be performed using improved numerical modeling approaches to study the realistic rock deformational behavior under conditions of the Genesis Flood. The model will include the multiple mineral phases of the Earth’s mantle, and thereby will take into account the effects of those phases on overall rock’s mechanical properties. The microscopic features (e.g., grain size, recrystallization, and phase transformation) and the associated macroscopic thermal and mechanical properties of the rocks will be treated in more detail than ever before, in an attempt to model runaway plate movements. 

This study will provide crucial new understanding on how the microstructures and mechanical properties of multiple mineral phases cooperatively acted together to produce the extreme weakening that allowed the global Flood cataclysm to unfold as it did.

Learn more about creation www.creationresearch.org

Current CRS-sponsored Research Projects, Part 7

Dr Gene Chaffin, vice-president of the Creation Research Society listed several of the current research projects that have been awarded grants from the Creation Research Society. He states, “Each grant is awarded based on review and vote by the members of the research committee. We are grateful to the donors who have made these grants possible.”

Numerical Model Development of Earth’s Mantle Dynamics during the Genesis Flood: Multiphase Mantle Compositions and the Effects on Solid Mantle’s Dynamics

Computer simulations of Catastrophic Plate Tectonics (CPT) will be performed using improved numerical modeling approaches to study the realistic rock deformational behavior under conditions of the Genesis Flood. The model will include the multiple mineral phases of the Earth’s mantle, and thereby will take into account the effects of those phases on overall rock’s mechanical properties. The microscopic features (e.g., grain size, recrystallization, and phase transformation) and the associated macroscopic thermal and mechanical properties of the rocks will be treated in more detail than ever before, in an attempt to model runaway plate movements.

This study will provide crucial new understanding on how the microstructures and mechanical properties of multiple mineral phases cooperatively acted together to produce the extreme weakening that allowed the global Flood cataclysm to unfold as it did.

Learn more about creation www.creationresearch.org
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I'm live now with Emilio Ramos from Red Grace Media! Join us and say hi. www.youtube.com/watch?v=xpZgY4L1rKs ... See MoreSee Less

Current CRS-sponsored Research Projects, Part 6

Dr Gene Chaffin, vice-president of the Creation Research Society listed several of the current research projects that have been awarded grants from the Creation Research Society. He states, “Each grant is awarded based on review and vote by the members of the research committee. We are grateful to the donors who have made these grants possible.” 

Catastrophism in the Type Area of the Lance Formation (Maastrichtian, Cretaceous) 

In Wyoming there is an Edmontosaurus dinosaur bone bed in the Upper Maastrichtian Lance Formation. The exact stratigraphic position of the bone bed in the Lance is of interest, seeing as it is very close to the famed Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary (the uppermost stratigraphic record of the dinosaurs, and a possible Flood/post-Flood boundary). However, since the stratigraphy of the roughly 2500-foot-thick Lance has never been worked out, the stratigraphic position of the bone bed in the Lance is unknown. Both the bone bed and associated strata appear to be underwater debris flows covering at least hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of square miles, and having traveled at least scores, and probably hundreds of miles. This, combined with evidence of massive earthquake activity, suggests the Lance Formation was formed in the Flood or soon thereafter. 

The research will look for evidence of these types of catastrophism in the region.

Learn more about creation www.creationresearch.org

Current CRS-sponsored Research Projects, Part 6

Dr Gene Chaffin, vice-president of the Creation Research Society listed several of the current research projects that have been awarded grants from the Creation Research Society. He states, “Each grant is awarded based on review and vote by the members of the research committee. We are grateful to the donors who have made these grants possible.”

Catastrophism in the Type Area of the Lance Formation (Maastrichtian, Cretaceous)

In Wyoming there is an Edmontosaurus dinosaur bone bed in the Upper Maastrichtian Lance Formation. The exact stratigraphic position of the bone bed in the Lance is of interest, seeing as it is very close to the famed Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary (the uppermost stratigraphic record of the dinosaurs, and a possible Flood/post-Flood boundary). However, since the stratigraphy of the roughly 2500-foot-thick Lance has never been worked out, the stratigraphic position of the bone bed in the Lance is unknown. Both the bone bed and associated strata appear to be underwater debris flows covering at least hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of square miles, and having traveled at least scores, and probably hundreds of miles. This, combined with evidence of massive earthquake activity, suggests the Lance Formation was formed in the Flood or soon thereafter.

The research will look for evidence of these types of catastrophism in the region.

Learn more about creation www.creationresearch.org
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Emilio Ramos from Red Grace Media will be interviewing me tomorrow at 7pm CST (5pm PST, 8pm Eastern). Catch it here: youtube.com/redgracemedia

Emilio Ramos from Red Grace Media will be interviewing me tomorrow at 7pm CST (5pm PST, 8pm Eastern). Catch it here: youtube.com/redgracemedia ... See MoreSee Less